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Dog Breed Types
Find more information on a particular dog breed by clicking on a letter below:
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Dog breeds are divided into groups.
The following are the recognized dog groups by the American Kennel Club. (below)
Dog Groups:
Sporting Group
Sporting dogs like to be around people and are active and alert. These dogs make well-rounded companions. They have great instincts in water and woods and many of these breeds participate in hunting and other field activities. Members of the Group include pointers, retrievers, setters and spaniels.
Hound Group
Hounds are generally friendly and affectionate with people. There is an ancestral trait of being used for hunting that most hounds have in common. They have have an acute sense of smell and can usually follow a trail easily. The Hound group is a diverse lot and there are not many other generalizations about them. There are Pharaoh Hounds, Norwegian Elkhounds, Afghans and Beagles, among others. Some hounds share the distinct ability to produce a unique sound known as baying.
Working Group
These dogs are large, intelligent, and protective of their owners. Dogs of the Working Group have been used by people throughout the ages to perform tasks such as guarding property, pulling sleds, and herding. The Doberman Pinscher, Siberian Husky and Great Dane are included in this Group. Quick to learn, these capable animals make solid companions but their considerable size and strength, make many working dogs unsuitable as pets for average families. These dogs must be properly trained.
Terrier Group
Dogs in the Terrier Group were developed to hunt vermin. Terriers are clever, brave and have a distinctive terrier personality. These are feisty, energetic dogs who come in a variety of sizes. Terriers typically have little tolerance for other dogs, or other animals in general. Most terriers have wiry coats that require special grooming. In general, they make good pets, especially when their owners can match their dogs' lively characters. Terriers include the Norfolk, Cairn, West Highland White Terrier, and Airedale Terrier.
Toy Group
Toys are small, charming dogs that love to be around people. The main function of this type of dog is to make great companions. In spite of their size, many Toys are tough as nails and will bark at dogs ten times their size. They make ideal apartment dogs and terrific lap warmers. (Incidentally, small breeds may be found in every Group, not just the Toy Group.) Training aside, it's much easier to control a ten-pound dog than one 50 pounds or more.
Dogs in the Non-Sporting Group do not fit the criteria of the other breed groups, or may no longer perform the tasks they were originally bred for. These dogs make wonderful family companions. Non-sporting dogs are a diverse group and vary collection in terms of size, coat, personality and overall appearance. Some examples include the Chow Chow, Poodle, Lhasa Apso, Dalmatian, French Bulldog, and Keeshond.
Herding Group
Dogs in the Herding Group were developed to work with livestock. These dogs are highly intelligent and require lots of exercise. The Herding group is the newest classification and it's members were previously part of the Working group. All dogs in this group are excellent at controlling the movement of other animals and instinct prompts many of these dogs to gently herd their owners (especially small children in the family). Generally these dogs respond well to training and make wonderful companions.
Miscellaneous Class
Authorities acknowledge that throughout the world there are several hundred distinct breeds of purebred dogs, not all of which are AKC recognized breeds. Dogs not falling in one of the recognized categories are in the Miscellaneous class.
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